Three Branches
Republic
Democracy
Etymology
Origins
100

What are the THREE BRANCHES of the US federal government as established by the CONSTITUTION?

1.) Congress, 2.) President, 3.) Supreme Court

100

In a REPUBLIC, who holds the power to vote on laws and elect heads of state? 

Representatives of the people

100

In a DEMOCRACY, who hold the power to vote on laws and elect the head of state?

The Citizens ("People")

100

The word legis means "laws" in Latin indicating that the LEGISLATIVE branch makes what?

The Legislative Branch makes the LAWS

100

The first REPUBLIC was established in which ancient civilization?

Ancient Rome

200

What is the FIRST BRANCH of the US government (also known as Congress)?

Legislative Branch

200

Is the United States technically a REPUBLIC?

Yes

200

Is the United States technically a DEMOCRACY?

No

200

The verb executere means "to carry out" in Latin indicating that the EXECUTIVE branch does what?

The Executive Branch CARRIES OUT the laws.

200

The first DEMOCRACY was established in which ancient civilization?

Ancient Greece (Athens)

300

What is the SECOND BRANCH of the US government (led by the President)?

Executive Branch

300

Because the United States is a founded on a CONSTITUTION rather than royal or spiritual authority, it is an example of what?

A constitutional republic.

300

If a country elects its leader DEMOCRATICALLY, how is the leader chosen?

By popular vote

300

The word judicium means "judgement" in Latin indicating that the JUDICIAL branch does what?

The Judicial Branch JUDGES (makes judgements on) the laws.

300

What was the first CONSTITUTIONAL REPUBLIC?

United States

400

What is the THIRD BRANCH of the US government (also known as the Supreme Court)?

Judicial Branch

400

Because people vote in elections and DEMOCRATIC processes are part of the political system, the United States is considered what?

A democratic republic

400

What example of true DEMOCRACY exists today and has existed in New England since the United State's founding, where the people gather and vote on local laws and decisions?

New England Town Halls

400

What does democracy (Greek: demos+kratia) literally mean?

"People-power" meaning that the people hold the power.

400

What was the first DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC?

United States
500

What are the TWO HOUSES of Congress?

The Senate & House of Representatives

500

Because the ELECTORAL COLLEGE represents the people in each state and citizens do not directly elect the president in the United States, is our election technically DEMOCRATIC?

No

500

How are INITIATIVES and REFERENDUMS examples of DEMOCRATIC reforms?

They both allow for the citizens ("people") to vote directly on laws.

500

What does republic (res publica) literally mean?

"Public-Thing" i.e. "Thing of the people"

500

What was the first CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY?

England

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