Skeletal system
Joints
Muscles
How does these systems work?
Keeping our systems healthy
100

Define skeletan system

It is a system made up of all the bones of our body.

100

Define joint

A part of the body where two bones meet.

100

What are tendons?

They are a band of very strong tissue that connects skeletal muscles to bones

100

Is crying a voluntary or a reflex action?

Crying is a reflex action. 

100

Could you tell the different injuries the skeletal and muscular systems can have?

A fracture, a sprain and a muscle contracture.

200

What are the fuctions of the skeleton?

Protection, support and movement.

200

Name the types of joints and an example

Moveable joints: Elbow and knee.

Fixed joints: Skull.

200

Which are the different shapes of muscles?

Long, circular, short and flat muscles.

200

Explain how does the arm moves.

- Flex: Biceps contracts and triceps relaxes.

- Extends: Biceps relaxes and triceps contracts.

200

What advice would you give to this student?

To keep his back straight.

300

Name the parts of the skeleton and two bones of each.

Head: Frontal/parietal/temporal bone, jaw...

Trunk: Clavicle, ribs, vertebrate...

Limbs: humerus, radius, ulna, femur...

300

What's a ligament?

A tissue that holds the bones that from the joints together.

300

Name the parts of the muscular system and two examples of each

Head: Eyelids, masseter and lips

Trunk: Abdominals, dorsal and sternocleidomastoid

Limbs: Biceps, tibialis and deltoids.

300

What's antagonist muscles? Name an example. 

They are a pair of muscles that make opposite movements. They work together to flex and extend the limb.

Example: The arm, biceps and triceps.

300

Can you name the healthy habits for the skeletal and muscular systems?

- Do physical exercise.

- Have a healthy diet.

- Spend time outdoors.

- Have a good posture. 

400

How many bones do we have? Do we have the same since we were born?

We have 206. No, we have more when we are babies.

400

What's a cartilage and its fuction?

A flexible tissue that covers the ends of bones in moveable joints. It stops the bones rubbing together.

400

What characteristics of muscles help us to move our body?

They are elastic organs which can be stretched and returned to their normal length




400

Describe one voluntary action and one reflex action that you do every day. 

Voluntary: Taking a pencil, walking....

Reflex: Cut your finger with a paper, get burned....

400

Choose one: 

a) Calcium and phosphorus help our bones grow. 

b) Vitamin D helps our bones grow. 

c) None of them are correct.

The correct option is A.

500

What's the name of this bone? Why do we have this bone?

The coccyx, it is where our tail used to be.

500

What would happend if we didn't have cartilage in the elbow?

We would have articular pain that would't let us do activities.

500

Which muscle do you use when you sit down?

Gluteus, biceps femoris, quadriceps, calf muscle and tibialis.

500

What's the difference between a reflex and voluntary action?

The stimulus in a voluntary action are received by the brain. On the other hand, the stimulus in a reflex action are received by the spinal cord. 

500

You have a friend that spends the day sad, watching the TV in the couch. What should he do?

He should do physical exercise and spend time outdoors. 

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