The Water Cycle
Measuring Weather
Predicting Weather
Factors that Affect Climate
Other
100

What is the process in which water turns from a liquid to a gas?

Evaporation

100

What do you use to measure wind speed?

Anemometer

100

What are the two types of air masses?

Cold and warm

100

Would it be colder high up on a mountain or at the bottom?

High up

100

What is the aquifer?

The underground water source

200

What is the process in which water turns from a gas into a liquid?

Condensation

200

What do you use to measure air pressure?

Barometer

200

What kinds of clouds indicate thunderstorms?

Cumulonimbus

200

Climate is the _________ of weather conditions in an area.

200

How are aquifers refilled?

Snow and rain falling on the land.

300

Where does condensation take place?

Clouds

300

What do you use to measure precipitation fall?

Rain gauge
300

What does a high pressure system indicate?

Fair weather

300

Name two differences between weather and climate.

Climate: long term, overall weather patterns

Weather: short term, daily weather patterns

300

Describe two things about the temperate climate zone.

Moderate temperatures

Different amounts of precipitation

Middle latitudes

400

Where does most evaporation take place?

Oceans

400

What is a structure with tools for measuring weather data at a given location?

Weather station

400

How does hail form?

Rain moves up and down in a cloud, slowly gaining more layers as it refreezes each time.

400
Where will you find a hot, dry climate?

a. Over a desert
b. Over a warm ocean
c. Over a cold ocean
d. Over a polar zone

a. Over a desert

400

Describe three things about the tropical zone.

Warm temperatures

Near the equator

Can be wet or dry

500

What is a cloud near the ground called?

Fog

500

What is humidity?

The amount of water vapor in the air.

500

What kind of cloud is lowest in the sky?

Cirrus, stratus, altocumulus

Stratus

500
Name all FOUR factors that affect climate.

Bodies of water
Landforms
Elevation
Distance from equator

500

Describe 3 things about the polar zone.

Coldest temperature

Little precipitation

High latitudes

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