Time Period
Theorist
Theory
Reason for Play
Benefit of Play (or not)?
100

In what period of time was child play natural and appropriate?

Ancient Greece, BC - Middle Ages

100

Who was the primary founder of Child Life?

Emma Plank

100

Virginia Axline created what kinds of therapy?

Nondirective Relationship Therapy and Play Therapy

100

The Puritans, John Locke, and Maria Montessori all believed in what reasoning for play?

Play not being encouraged.

100

True or False, John Locke believed in benefits of play.

False.

200

In what year did Emma Plank find the Child Life Profession?

1955

200

Who founded the first Kindergarten?

Friedrich Froebel

200

Erik Erikson believed in what theory?

Psychoanalytic Perspective

200

Gary Landreth believed in what reasoning for play?

“Child will lead us where she/he needs to go.” Play relieves stress and boredom and promotes relationships.

200

Maria Montessori and Friedrich Froebel believed in what benefit of play?

Structured play

300

What time period had lullabies for children and riddles and rhymes for adult?

Renaissance 1300-1600 AD

300

Who is the father of humanistic psychology? HINT: Person Centered Therapy

Carl Rogers

300

John Dewey created what theory?

"Progressive" Kindergarten

300

G.T.W Patrick believed in Renewal of Energy which gave what reasoning for play?

When a child is tired, relaxed, playtime allows a child to get a reboot of energy.

300

What did the Puritans believe when it came to the benefits of play?

Long, long school and work days; not much time for playing.

400

In what time period was Naturalism: “God makes all things good. Human meddling Brings evil.”

1700s in France

400

What two theorist's believed in Nurture trumps Nature?

John Watson and Lev Vygotsky

400

Karl Groos practiced what theory?

Practice for Adulthood

400

Herbert Spencer believed in Surplus Energy which gives what reasoning for play?

Play's purpose is to discharge natural energy from the body.

400

John Watson believed in what benefit of play?

“Children born with blank minds, we can train them to become/do anything.”

500

In what time period did individuals start questioning nurture vs. nature?

1700s in US colonies

500
What three theorist's believed in the cognitive developmental theory?

Jerome Burner, Brian Sutton Smith, and Jean Piaget

500

G. Stanley Hall believed in what theory?

Recapitulation

500

Sigmund and Anna Frued believed in what reasoning for play?

Play reduces Objective Anxiety (fear of external world) by giving child illusion of power and control.

500

Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed in what benefit of play?

First twelve years of life should be time of leisure with adult intervention occurring only as a means of protecting children from acquiring vices.

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