Early Civilizations in Greece
The Greek City-States
Classical Greece
The Culture of Classical Greece
Alexander and the Hellenistic Era
100

This island is just south of Greece, and was the home of the ancient Minoan civilzation.

Crete

100

This type of gathering place is a fortified area on top of a hill, the most famous being the Parthenon in Athens.

Acropolis

100

This Persian monarch took over the Ionian Greek city-states and squashed an unsuccessful revolt by the Ionian cities.

Darius

100

The 12 chief gods and goddesses in Greek religion reside here.

Mount Olympus

100

This ruler was only 20 when he became the king of Macedonia.

Alexander the Great

200

This group is remembered as the first Greek State and were led by Agamemnon in the sacking of the city of Troy.

The Mycenaeans

200

This military formation was the most-common in ancient Greece.

Phalanx

200

The Greeks, led by the Athenians, created this defensive alliance in 478 B.C.E.

The Delian League

200

These support structures are seen in ancient Greek architecture.

Columns

200

Alexander the Great built this city to be capital of Egypt.

Alexandria

300

This type of written work tells the deeds of a great hero.

Epic Poem

300

This form of government means 'rule by few.'

Oligarchy

300

This is the Athenian practice of banning a person considered harmful to the city-state.

Ostracism

300

These were the first Greek dramas.

Tragedies

300

This era spread throughout Southwest Asia as a result of Alexander the Great's conquests, and means 'to imitate Greeks.'

Hellenistic Era

400

The Iliad and The Odyssey are two of the most well-known works by this famous ancient author.

Homer

400

This city-state would eventually return to 'rule of the many,' also known as Democracy.

Athens

400

Over 7,000 Greeks, including 300 brave Spartans, delayed the invading Persian army at this location.

The Pass of Thermopylae

400

This person is considered the first person to analyze past events and wrote History of the Persian Wars.

Herodotus

400

One of the most famous scientists of the Hellenistic Era, from Syracuse.

Archimedes

500

This sea is to the west of the Greek mainland.

Ionian Sea

500

This city was the most-notable of the Greek colonies established on the Bosporus and Hellespont Straits.

Byzantium

500

As a result of the Great Peloponnesian War, the Greeks were left susceptible to this invading group from the North.

Macedonians

500

This philosopher is seen as the most influential thinker in the western world and his works are still studied today.

Aristotle

500

This mathematician wrote the Elements, a textbook on plane geometry.

Euclid

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