Behaviorism
Cognitive Psychology
Social Cognitive Theory
Key Terms
Which Theory Am I?
100

Psychological theories must be supported by empirical data obtained through __________ of __________.

Observation; behavior(s)

100

True or False:

The capacity of long-term memory is unlimited.

True

100
The work of this psychologist formed the basis for Social Cognitive Theory.

Albert Bandura

100

This form of conditioning gets its name from the idea that its associated learning process occurs because we behave in certain ways as we operate in the environment.

Operant conditioning

100

All behaviors are learned via interaction with the environment & are thus simply one's response(s) to environmental stimuli.

Behavioralism

200

__________ reinforcement occurs when the behavior or response leads the appearance or presentation of a new stimulus; __________ reinforcement occurs when behavior is strengthened by removing an aversive stimulus when the behavior occurs.

Positive; negative

200

Name one way you can maintain &/or improve your memory.

Take care of your body

Exercise your mind

Stay mentally active

200

True or False:

People are incapable of regulating their own learning & behavior.

False

200

This type of memory is the initial processing that transforms incoming stimuli into perceptions that include meaning.

Sensory

200

Humans are active information processors.

Cognitive Psychology

300

Which founder of behaviorism is known for his experiments on dogs?

Ivan Pavlov

300

The __________ theory of learning states that the whole of a set of stimuli has greater influence on behavior than its individual parts.

Gestalt

300

Name two of the four steps involved in the observational learning process.

Attention

Retention

Reproduction

Motivation

300

__________ describes the idea that the environment presents more information than can be processed.

Limited capacity

300

People are active agents who can both influence & be influenced by their environment.

Social Cognitive Theory

400

In classical conditioning, the __________ automatically produces the emotional/physiological response, while the __________ evokes the emotional/physiological response after conditioning.

Unconditioned stimulus; conditioned stimulus

400

__________ long-term memories are those that one consciously & deliberately took time to form and recall.

Explicit

400

True or False:

Observational learning always requires watching another individual engage in an activity in person.

False

400

A form of internal rewards, such as pride, satisfaction, & sense of accomplishment.

Intrinsic Reinforcement

400

The goal of psychology should be to predict & control behavior.

(Radical) Behaviorism

500

True or False:

John B. Watson published Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It in 1913.

True

500

Name three of the four components of working memory.

Central executive

Phonological Loop

Visuospatial sketchpad

Episodic buffer


500

Self-_____ refers to the beliefs we hold about our own capabilities; self-_____ is a description of one's own perceived self.

Efficacy; concept

500

The quality of a behavior &/or process that can be carried out without effort or explicit intention.

Automaticity

500

Learning is an internal process that may or may not lead to a behavior.

Social Cognitive Theory

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