cell structure
cell function
biological molecules
transport
biology potpourri

100

A large round structure, surrounded by a membrane in the center of the cell
What is the nucleus

100

this organelle is called the brain of the cell
What is the nucleus

100

Glucose is a monomer of this group
What is carbohydrate

100

transport not requiring energy
What is passive transport

100

These cell types have angular cell walls, large vacuoles and chloroplasts
What are plant cells

200

A system of interconnected membranes surrounding the nucleus (no ribosomes)
What is smooth ER

200

This organelle is the site of photosynthesis in plant cells
What is the chloroplast

200

amino acids are monomers of this group
What is protein

200

the passive transport of water across a semipermeable membrane
What is osmosis

200

this jelly-like substance fills the cells interior
What is the cytoplasm

300

A small, dark staining structure located within the nucleus
What is nucleolus

300

This organelle assembles polypeptides
What is the ribosome

300

The cell membrane is composed of molecules that belong to this group
What is lipid

300

water moves out of the cell if it is placed in this environment
What is hypertonic

300

A solution with a pH lower than 7
What is an acid

400

This structure is a stack of flattened membranes named after the scientist who discovered it.
What is Golgi Body

400

This organelle packages proteins for transport out of the cell
What is Golgi Body

400

this type of fatty acid possesses a number of double bonds along its hydrocarbon tail
What are unsaturated fatty acids

400

The active transport of large molecules out of the cell
What is exocytosis

500

Shaped like a jellybean, this organelle has an outer membrane and an inner, folded membrane
What is the mitochondria

500

This organelle is larger in plant cells than animal cells and is responsible for storing water and wastes
What is a vacuole

500

The molecule termed "the energy currency of the cell" is apart of this group
What are nucleic acids

500

This integral membrane protein actively moves 3 sodium ions out of the cell while bringing in 2 potassium ions
What is the Na/K pump

500

The name of the chemical reaction in which two monomers are joined to form a polymer and water
What is dehydration synthesis