Functions of Behavior
Reinforcement
Prompting
Measurement
Treatment Plan and Assessment
Behavior Interventions and Techniques: Part 1
Behavior Interventions and Techniques: Part 2
Verbal/Instructional Behavior Terms
Problematic Behavior Terms
Miscellaneous
100

The behavior occurs essentially because the person enjoys the way it feels on the inside of their own body

What is automatic

100

The presentation of a stimulus that increases the likelihood of a behavior occurring again in the future.

Hint: Does not mean good, it just means you are ADDING a stimulus

What is positive reinforcement

100

A cue given to help the learner complete a task or increase accurate responding

What is a prompt

100

How long the behavior occurs

What is duration

100

Presenting a task to measure the skill level or responding

What is a probe

100

Placing an individual in a different, less-reinforcing environment whenever they engage in inappropriate behavior

What is time out

100

Anything that DECREASES the possibility of a behavior occurring in the future 

What is punishment

100

When a person labels an item that they hear, see, smell, or taste

What is tacting

100

When a person leaves a designated area without permission

What is bolting

100

Repetitive movements that can be vocal or motoric 

What is stimming (AKA stereotypical behaviors)

200

The behavior occurs because the person is attempting to get away from the situation

What is escape

200

The removal or avoidance of a stimulus that increases the likelihood of a behavior occurring again in the future.

Hint: Does not mean bad, just means you are REMOVING or AVOIDING a sitmulus.

What is negative reinforcement

200

What is the prompting hierarchy?

What is:

Verbal Prompt

Visual Prompt

Modeling Prompt

Partial Physical Prompt

Full Physical Prompt

200

How many times the behavior occurs

What is frequency

200

A measurement of behavior taken before intervention is started. Allows therapists to compare behavior and assess progress

What is baseline

200

Physically holding or securing an individual. ONLY used when an individual is attempting to harm themselves or another person.

What is restraint

200

When someone has limited or no access to a reinforcer, the reinforcer will become more powerful

What is deprivation

200

A task that requires a non-vocal action or motor response such as touch, give, or point

What is receptive identification (REC ID)

200

Defined for each specific person. Can include yelling, crying, screaming, flopping to floor, etc.

What is a tantrum

200

The increase in frequency and/or intensity of a behavior in the early stages of extinction

What is extinction burst

300

The behavior occurs because the person desires access to a specific item or activity

What is access to tangibles

300

Reinforcing appropriate/desired behaviors and not providing reinforcement for incorrect/undesired behaviors

What is differential reinforcement

300

Beginning with the least invasive prompt and moving forward as necessary to promote the desired response

What is Least-to-Most Prompting

300

How many times the behavior occurs during a set period of time

What is rate

300

The ability of a child to demonstrate previously acquired skills over time and over durations when reinforcement is thinned (reduced)

What is maintenance

300

Learning occurs incidentally and often playfully in natural environments

What is Naturalistic Teaching (NET: Natural Environment Teaching)
300

When a reinforcer loses it's effectiveness due to overuse or continuous access

What is satiation 

300

The ability to request something that one wants or needs via gestures, PECS, or vocally

What is manding

300

Actions that result in the physical injury to one's own body

What is SIB (Self-Injurious Behavior)

300

When a learner engages in a vocal stim where they repeat words or phrases

What is scripting

400

The behavior occurs because the person desires access to attention (good or bad) from others

What is attention

400

Reinforcement is provided for ANY behavior OTHER than the problem behavior

What is DRO (Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior)

400

Beginning with the most invasive prompt and progressing towards the least invasive prompt to promote the desired response

What is Most-to-Least Prompting

400
If the behavior occurs during ANY part of a set interval of time

What is partial interval

400

Any person, thing, or event that can signal a behavior to occur

What is a stimulus

400

A task is isolated, rapidly presented, and taught to an individual across multiple trials

What is Discrete Trial Training (DTT)

400

Withholding reinforcement of a previously reinforced behavior, resulting in the reduction of that behavior 

What is extinction

400

Building blocks to conversation skills. The ability to discuss, describe, or answer a question about something that is NOT physically present

What is intraverbal

400

Verbal or physical refusal to engage in or complete a task

What is noncompliance

400

The way a behavior LOOKS

What is topography

500

We assess functions of behavior using ABC data. What does ABC stand for?

What is Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence

500

Reinforcement is provided for an appropriate behavior that replaces the undesired behavior and meets the same need the problem behavior does

What is DRA (Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior)

500

A physical prompt where you place your hands over the learner's hands to get them to comply with a motor demand or instruction

What is Hand-over-Hand Prompting

500

If the behavior occurs during the ENTIRE set interval of time

What is whole interval

500

Assessment used to identify what items or activities are reinforcing for a specific individual

What is a preference assessment

500

Performing a behavior for an individual so they can see the desired behavior and perform the behavior exactly as you just did

What is modeling

500

Communication system for functionally-nonverbal individuals. Requests are made by tapping, pointing to, or handing a picture of the desired item to another person.

What is PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System)

500

Imitating a specific noise upon request

What is echoic

500

Verbal refusal to engage in a task, arguing, etc.

What is verbal protest

500

Activities that require coordination and movement of smaller muscles of the body, especially the hands and fingers is known as ________________________.

While activities that require the use of larger muscle groups are known as __________________.

What are fine motor skills and gross motor skills

600

DAILY DOUBLE:

Data taken first hand by therapists (includes +, -, and P) is known as _________, while additional data collected to further explain the data point (written as a fraction) is known as ____________________.

What is primary data collection and secondary data collection
600

Inappropriate behavior is replaced with a more acceptable behavior that cannot occur at the same time as the inappropriate behavior

What is DRI (Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behavior)

600

An individual becomes reliant on being assisted with a task and stops attempting to do the task independently

What is prompt dependent

600

If the behavior occurs at the very end of the set interval of time

What is momentary time sampling

600

Providing an individual with specific reinforcers over and over to identify which items are MOST reinforcing

What is forced choice reinforcer assessment

600

Used to teach skills with multiple steps. Each step is taught individually and "linked" together to make a "chain"

What is chaining

600
Beginning with 2-3 preferred, familiar tasks that a learner knows and adding in a more complicated or non-preferred tasks at the end of the sequence. AKA Behavior Momentum

What is High-P Request Sequence

600

The ability to learn a skill in one situation and be able to apply it flexibly to other similar but different situations

What is generalization

600

Placing non-food or non-edible items in one's mouth

What is PICA

600

Reinforcing approximations to a desired behavior until the correct behavior is emitted

What is shaping

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