Wellness and Social Determinants of Health
Principles of Physical Activity
Cardiorespiratory
Muscular Strength and Muscular Endurance
Flexibility and Body Comp
100

________ refers to the overall condition of a person's body or mind and the presence or absence of illness.


Health 



100

It is recommended that a person do ____ minutes of physical activity per day to lose weight. 

60-90 minutes

100

A normal blood pressure is? 

120/80

100

What is sarcopenia? 

loss of muscle mass in older adults 

100

What type of stretching is best for an athlete?

dynamic stretching 


200
A condition that develops and continues over a long period of time?  Usually one year or more. 

Chronic Disease 

200

NEAT stands for ______?  And what is it? 

Non-Exercise Activity Thermogenesis

 Calories burned during normal daily activity. 

200

____ ____ ____ is used to determine the amount of energy your body needs to carry out basic functions to stay alive at rest?

Basil Metabolic Rate

200

Increase in size of muscle fiber is called?

hypertrophy 

200

Having high cholesterol, high glucose, a large waistline, and low levels of HDL (good cholesterol) could lead to a condition called _____? That may lead to heart disease, stroke, and/or diabetes. 

metabolic syndrome 

300

_______ refers to optimal health.

Wellness

300

What are the four Training Principles?

Specificity

Progressive Overload

Reversibility

Individual differences  

300

What are the three Energy Systems?  

Immediate 

Nonoxidative (anaerobic)

Oxidative (aerobic) 

How much energy does each system provide?  What are examples of each system? 

300

What skeletal muscle type uses anaerobic metabolism for fuel to provide short burst of speed, to fire motion quickly, and fatigues muscles quickly?

Fast Twitch - what are examples of activity?

300

What are the indicators of the Female Triad?

low levels of energy

bone loss

amenorrhea (loss of menstrual cycle)  

400

What are the three main overarching components to the Eight Dimensions of Wellness?

Mind 

Body 

Soul 

400
What is the FITT Principle?

Frequency 

Intensity 

Time 

Type

How does it work? 

400

The cardiovascular system is made up of what three areas of the body?

heart

respiratory (lungs)

blood (arteries and veins) 

400

What are the three types of muscles in the body?

heart (cardiac)

smooth (line the organs) 

skeletal (all other areas) 

400

What are the two types of adipose tissue and where are they located in the body?

subcutaneous - under the skin

visceral fat - around major organs 

500

Give examples of Social Determinants of Health 

Education, access to healthcare, safe neighborhoods, economic stability, social and community context, others. 

500

What are the Five Components of Physical Fitness?

Cardiovascular

Muscular Strength

Muscular Endurance

Flexibility

Body Composition 

500

The body's ability to increase oxygen use and the best way to measure cardiorespiratory endurance is called? 

VO2Max 

500

_____ ____ is made up of a motor nerve and a number of ____ ____?



Motor unit 

muscle fibers

500
Joint structure, muscle elasticity, and the nervous system all are factors in _________?

flexibility 

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