Police
Courts
Corrections
Other
Statistics

100

This is unquestionably the most time-consuming and resource-intensive task of any police agency?
What is patrol?

100

How much time do public defenders commonly spend with their clients?
What is five to ten minutes?

100

Men’s prisons are often distinguished from one another by what?
What is security level?

100

With DNA profiling, a unique genetic profile can be derived from evidence found at the scene of a crime or on a victim. Name one of these types of evidence.
What is Blood, Hair or Semen?

100

Researchers discovered that what percentage of citizens wait 5–10 minutes to call the police, which prevents police from catching the criminal at the scene?
What is 90 percent?

200

For most people, the only personal experience they have with the criminal justice process is contact with whom?
What is the local police officer?

200

This is a monetary guarantee deposited with the court that is supposed to ensure that the suspect or defendant will appear at a later stage in the criminal justice process.
What is bail?

200

Reductions in sentences for death row inmates, which are granted by a state’s governor, are called what?
What is commutations?

200

From biblical times through the eighteenth century, ____ was the dominant justification for punishment.
What is retribution

200

Approximately how many women are victims of domestic violence each year?
What is 1 million?

300

When an entire patrol section is instructed to make numerous traffic stops and field interrogations, the practice is referred to as what?
What is aggressive patrol?

300

The Supreme Court has ruled that anyone arrested without a warrant may be held no longer than ____ before a judge decides whether the arrest was justified.
What is 48 hours

300

Holding suspects or defendants in jail without giving them an opportunity to post bail, because of the threat they pose to society, is called?
What is Preventive Detention

300

Which of the following is an effort to do something for victims and their survivors—to return them, as much as possible, to their previous state and to make them “whole” again?
What is Restoration

300

Truth-in-sentencing laws require offenders to serve a substantial portion of their prison sentence, usually what percentage of it.
What is 85 percent?

400

The three I’s of police selection are called what?
What is Integrity Interaction & Intelligence?

400

Which of the following types of jurisdiction is the court’s power to hear a particular type of case?
What is Subject matter

400

When defendants plead nolo contendre, they?
What is Do not admit guilt but are willing to accept punishment

400

The crime triangle is a view of crime and disorder as an interaction among three variables, which are?
What is victim, offender, and location.

400

Of the crimes that are recorded by the police, only about ____ are “cleared by arrest.”
What is 20 percent

500

The practice of relying on the judgment of the police leadership and rank-and-file officers to decide which laws to enforce is referred to as:
What is selective enforcement?

500

In highly controversial cases, all of the judges in a circuit may sit together and hear a case in what is known as a?
What is en banc hearing.

500

A(n) ____sentence has a fixed minimum and maximum term of incarceration, rather than a set period.
What is Indeterminate?

500

The equal-protection clause under the ____ Amendment has led the Supreme Court to forbid racial discrimination and has led state courts to target gender discrimination..
What is Fourteenth

500

Nearly ____ of state trial court decisions are affirmed on appeal.
What is 80 percent