DNA Structure
DNA Replication
Types of RNA
Where does it happen?
Misc.

100

Watson and Crick used this term to describe the shape of DNA.
What is a double helix?

100

This is what results from copying one molecule of DNA
What are two molecules of DNA?

100

A long, single stranded sequence of RNA. (Use full name)
What is messenger RNA (mRNA)?

100

This is where DNA replication takes place.
What is the nucleus?

100

A 3-base sequence of mRNA.
What is a codon?

200

The sugars and the phosphates.
What is the "backbone of a DNA molecule"?

200

This is the first step in the replication of one DNA molecule.
What is the unwinding of DNA?

200

This type of RNA carries an amino acid. (Use full name)
What is transfer RNA (tRNA)?

200

This is where transcription takes place.
What is the nucleus?

200

A 3-base sequence found on tRNA.
What is an anticodon?

300

The type of bond that holds bases together in the double helix.
What is a hydrogen bond?

300

This is what you call a "G" binding with a "C" or an "A" binding with a "T".
What is a base pair?

300

This type of RNA assembles itself into an "apple with a hole in it" through which mRNA can slither. (Use full name)
What is ribosomal RNA (rRNA)?

300

This is where translation takes place.
What is the cytoplasm?

300

With RNA, A (adenine) binds with this other base.
What is U (uracil)?

400

A (nitrogenous) base, a sugar, and a phosphate.
What are the 3 parts of a nucleotide?

400

The enzyme that is used to make a copy of a DNA molecule.
What is DNA polymerase?

400

This is what holds the mRNA strand in place while translation proceeds.
What is the ribosome?

400

Most of the amino acids of a protein are incorrect due to this type of mutation.
What is a frameshift mutation?

500

He is credited with the discovery that the amount of G's was roughly equal to the amount of C's (and A's with T's) in several samples of DNA.
Who is Erwin Chargaff?

500

The proteins which the DNA double helix winds around so that DNA can become "supercoiled".
What are histones?

500

When mRNA is transcribed from DNA, it then slips through these to get into the cytoplasm.
What are the nuclear pores?

500

DNA is an abbreviation for this term.
What is deoxyribonucleic acid?