Legislation
Defining Terms
Educators of ELLs
Bonus Points
100

1954 Supreme Court Case eliminating racial segregation to address educational inequities

1954 Brown v. Board of Education

100

Students for whom English is an additional language and qualify for language support

English Language Learners (ELLs) or English Learners (ELs) (simple definition)

100

Provides content-based, oral, and literacy instruction and assessment in 2 languages

Bilingual or Dual Language Teacher

100

2010 launching of national standards connecting content and academic language use, which are now recognized as a 21st century skill for all

2010 College and Career Readiness Standards & Common Core State Standards (CCSS)

200

1965 federal law holding states, districts, schools accountable to improving ed. performance of diverse student populations

1965 Elementary & Secondary Education Act

200

Identified through screening and assessment, students whose English language proficiency levels prevent them from accessing and acquiring grade-level material without instructional support.

English Language Learners (ELLs) or English Learners (ELs) (formal definition)

200

Provides integrated academic language development and content learning in English with home language support

“Sheltered” Content Teacher

200

Students who have lived in the U.S. for multiple generations and wish to revitalize/save their linguistic roots

Indigenous populations

300

1974 Supreme Court case expanding the rights of ELLs and endorsing bilingual education

1974 Lau v. Nichols

300

Students born/raised in the U.S. who identify with 1+ multicultural groups and speak English and 1+ languages.

Heritage Language Learners

300

Collaborates to provide special instruction to reinforce content-related concepts

Language Specialists (ESL – English as a Second Language, ESOL – English to Speakers of Other Languages, etc.)

300

Collaborates with Language Specialists to support students with an IEP or other need.

Title I and Other Support Teachers

400

1990 federal law ensuring students with disabilities are given free, appropriate public education

1990 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

400

ELLs who attend school for a short while, return to their home country, and may repeat the cycle.

Students with Limited or Interrupted Formal Education (SLIFE)

400

Collaborates with Specialists to support grade level or above academic language development

General Education and
Gifted & Talented Teachers

400

WIDA ELD Standards Framework Four Key Language Uses

Narrate, Inform, Explain, Argue

500

2001 reauthorization of ESEA, mandating English language proficiency/development standards

2001 No Child Left Behind Act

500

Older ELLs (7+ years of language support) who are orally proficient, yet struggle in academic English

Long-term English Language Learners (LTELLS)

500

Models lessons and provides support for integrated content and language instruction

Instructional Coaches for Teachers

500

WIDA ELD Standards Framework Two Communication Modes

1) INTERPRETIVE/RECEPTIVE (Listening, Reading, Viewing) 

2) EXPRESSIVE/PRODUCTIVE (Speaking, Writing, Representing)

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