Amendment Process
Bill of Rights (I-IV)
Bill of Rights (V-X)
Va. State Government
Federalism

100

What are Amendments?
Changes made to the Constitution

100

What right does the 2nd Amendment protect?
The right to hang a pair of bear arms on your walls

100

Which Amendment protects individuals from cruel and unusual punishment?
8th

100

What is the name of the legislative branch of Virginia?
The General Assembly

100

Foreign policy is a primary concern of which level of government?
National/federal

200

How many Amendments are there in total?
27

200

Which Amendment protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures of property?
4th

200

What does the 10th Amendment do?
All powers not given to the federal government by the Constitution are reserved for state governments.

200

What document establishes Virginia's state government?
The Virginia Constitution

200

Public health and safety is primary a concern for which level of government?
state

300

What does ratify mean?
To approve

300

In most cases, what do police officers need before they can search your property?
Search warrant based on probable cause

300

What is due process of law?
Government must respect all of your legal rights, treat you fairly, and follow all of the legal steps before convicting you of a crime.

300

Who is the leader of Virginia's executive branch?
The governor

300

Define federalism
The division of power between the national and individual state governments.

400

What are the two ways to propose a new amendment to the U.S. Constitution?
2/3 of both houses of Congress vote - 2/3 of all states votes

400

A document signed by a large number of people demanding action from the government is an example of which 1st Amendment freedom?
Petition

400

Define eminent domain
Government may take private property for public good, as long as fair compensation is paid.

400

Which branch of Virginia's government has the power to tax?
Legislative

400

What does the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution do?
Says that federal laws are superior to state laws. If there are any conflicts between the two, federal wins.

500

What is the only way to ratify an Amendment?
3/4 of all states much approve.

500

What are all five 1st Amendment freedoms?
Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition, Speech

500

What does it mean that you have the right to remain silent?
You don't have to answer any police questions

500

What are the names of the lower and upper house of Virginia's legislative branch?
House of Delegates (lowers) and Virginia Senate (Upper)

500

What are concurrent powers?
Powers shared by both the nation and state governments (taxes, roads, make laws)