Explorer 1 Explorer 2 Explorer 3 Explorer 4 Explorer 5

100

What is new land, power, and domination; to find cheaper and shorter trade routes (gold, silk, spices, riches); to spread religious beliefs (God, Gold, Glory).
Some of the reasons explorers were motivated to explore.

100

What is the Silk Roase
The name of the land journey explorers took that led them to India and China.

100

What is their own country did not believe in their motivation for exploration or did not want to pay for their voyages. The sponsoring countries wanted to claim land for themselves so they were willing to pay for the explorers' voyages so they could benefit from what was discovered.
Explain why some explorers may have been born in one country but sailed and claimed land for another.

100

What is European traders were hoping to find cheaper and shorter routes.
One reason why Europeans looked for new trade routes across the oceans.

100

What is the exploration of the East Indies?
What effect did the desire for spices have on Europeans?

200

What is exploring and colonizing the Americas?
This lead to political and economical competition among European countries.

200

What is sailors were able to travel the open oceans without getting lost?
The impact the compass and astrolabe had on early exploration.

200

What is map making skills?
This is what explorers learned helped them share their discoveries with other explorers.

200

What is cartography?
The term for map making skills.

200

What is telescope?
An instrument that makes far away objects look bigger.

300

What is the printing press?
An invention that helped language and ideas to spread.

300

What is the caravel?
A type of ship with triangular sails which made travel faster.

300

What is the Vikings?
These were probably the first Europeans to sail to North America.

300

What is these continents had been unknown to the people of Europe?
The reason why the continents of North America and South America were called the New World by Europeans in the 1600s.

300

What is He was the first person to believe that the Earth was round?
The reason Columbus sailed west when he wanted to go to the East Indies.

400

What is He was looking for the Northwest Passage?
The reason LaSalle explored the rivers of North America.

400

What is to find a shorter water route to Asia?
A similar goal between Christopher Columbus, John Cabot, and Henry Hudson.

400

What is Leif Eriksson?
I was a Viking interested in finding more land for farming. I was from Greenland and had a famous father as an explorer.

400

What is Ferdinand Magellan?
I ended up sailing around the world in search of the Spice Islands.

400

What is Hernando de Soto?
I was a Spanish conquistador who claimed land for Spain throughout the southeastern region of the United States.

500

What is Robert LaSalle?
I claimed land for France and named it Louisiana. I also sailed the entire Mississippi River and ended up in the Gulf of Mexico.

500

What is Henry Hudson?
I explored in search of the Northwest Passage and claimed modern day New York for the Dutch.

500

What is Christopher Columbus?
I was the first explorer to find/claim the "New Land" even though I still believed I had landed in India.

500

What is John Cabot?
I sailed with one small ship and 17 men. I reached the Eastern coast of Canada and thought I had found Asia. I didn't know I was in the Americas.

500

What is the trading of new resources such as plants and animals between the Native Americans (New World) and the Europeans (Old World)?
This was known as the Columbian Exchange.

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