Consultation Reformation
Racial Disparities: No Joke
Can you ACE This Category?
Teacher's Need Support? Shocking!
Can't Teach Student-Teacher Closeness!
100

One of the most commonly-cited mental health disorders for toddlers who are considered disruptive by their teachers

What is ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

100

Subconscious attitudes, beliefs, and stereotypes that affect understanding, actions and decisions in an unconscious manner.

What is implicit bias

100

The rate at which pre-school aged boys are expelled in comparison to girls

What is 4.5x

100

Expulsions, suspensions, frequently removing a child from the classroom, asking the family to pick the child up early due to behavior, or stating the child is not a good fit for this type of program are all examples of this type of "you can't play with us" discipline

What is exclusionary discipline?

100

The COVID-19 pandemic had this "charged" impact on a child's ability to demonstrate inhibitory control

What is negative impact

200

A way that teachers can change their posture to make toddlers listen better and feel less intimidated

What is sitting or getting to eye-level

200

 Percentage of public school teachers who are white

 What is 80% (Wymer et al., 2022)

200

This domestic issue is a strong predictor of children’s school readiness

 What is family well-being

200

Early childhood education staff cite this "action-adjusting technique" as a leading unmet need

What is behavior management

200

For children, an increased risk of expulsion correlates with this change in level of inhibitory control and student-teacher closeness

What is lower

300

The rate at which preschoolers are expelled compared to children in kindergarten through 12th grade

What is 3x the rate

300

According to data from the U.S. Department of Education (2016) Black preschools are likely to be suspended at this rate compared to white preschoolers

What is 3.6 times the rate

300

Broadly defined as stressful or traumatic events that people experience early in life (such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, etc.) that can increase behavioral issues, academic issues, and anxiety/depression in children

What is Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE)

300

Staff who more frequently use social-emotional learning supports (e.g., books and charts teaching about emotions, meetings with supervisor) have shown to request fewer expulsions. This link is mediated by a decrease in this hormone response in teachers

What is reduced teacher stress

300

This behavioral skill refers to a child's ability to modulate their thoughts, feelings, and emotions

What is inhibitory control

400

Cited by many child consultants as the biggest quality a teacher must have when talking to the parent of a disruptive child

What is openness or curiosity

400

Teachers perceive disruptive behaviors to be more severe when this difference is present between the teacher and student

What are racial differences

400

Too much of this "poisonous" experience can negatively affect body and brain development in children with ACEs

What is constant toxic stress

400

This essential component of lasting reductions in exclusionary discipline relates to giving those who work with children a little boost

What is a more supported early childhood education workforce?

400

True or False? Children in virtual classrooms showed lower levels of student-teacher closeness and inhibitory control when compared to in-person classrooms

What is false

500

The percentage of expulsions reduced when consultation is used on preschoolers

What is 50%! Also boosts staff retention, job satisfaction and improves emotional well-being of preschoolers during pivotal pre-kindergarten years

500

Studies suggest that teacher’s knowledge of familial stressors in their students’ lives had this kind of effect on teacher ratings on perceived severity of disruptive behavior

What is a decrease in the severity of the behavior?

500

Controlling for other factors, ACEs can increase preschool suspension and expulsion this percentage

What is 80%

500

This "advice giving" intervention is one of several that has addressed exclusionary discipline in early childhood education. It has been linked to reduced rates of exclusionary discipline and changes that may affect the likelihood exclusionary disciplinary (teacher-reported externalizing behaviors, teacher self-efficacy, and knowledge about about child development)

What is Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation

500

This covariate factor, often believed to be a reason for disruptive behavior, actually caused no significant differences in expulsion risk, inhibitory control, and student-teacher closeness

What is race/ethnicity

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