Consonants
Vowels
Transcription
General
Phonology
100

Manner of articulation where air is forced through a narrow opening in mouth to create friction. 

What is a fricative? 

100

Used to describe vowel sounds 

What is tongue height, advancement, tension and lip rounding?

100

Transcription that uses the simplest possible set of symbols with less details and it is often referred to as phonemic transcription. 

What is broad transcription?

100

The scientific study of speech sounds, including their form, substance and perception

What is phonetics? 

100

A forward shift of a velar phoneme.

What is fronting? ­(E.g., /ti/ for /ki/ - front sound is substituted for a back sound)

200

A combination of two separate vowel sounds in the same syllable

What is a diphthong? 

200

Used to describe the following vowels into a unique category:
/ɔ, ʊ, u, o/

 

What is rounding (rounded vowels)?

200

A set of symbols that linguists and other professionals use to describe the sounds of spoken languages

What is the International Phonetic Alphabet?

200

The smallest sound unit that distinguishes words from each other

What is a phoneme?

200

Simplifications of adult patterns children use during phonological development.

What is a phonological processes?

300

The main physiological difference between obstruents and sonorants 

What is vocal fold vibration (voicing)?

300

Vowels that are produced without tension and cannot usually end a word in final position.

What are lax vowels? 

300

The articulation of two or more speech sounds together, so that one influences the other.

What is coarticulation?

300

The different pronunciations of a given sound based on the surrounding context.

What is an allophone?

300

The sound system of a language. Includes sounds and their variations and rules for combining those sounds.

What is phonology?

400

Back part of the tongue that forms constriction in palato-velar area and used in velar sounds

What is the dorsum? 

400

Called a “cardinal vowel” which serves as an anchor and appears early in speech of children.

what is the /i/?

400

The degree of prominence associated with a particular syllable in a word

What is stress?

400

An individual’s understanding of individual sounds in a word.

What is phonemic awareness?

400

Deleting one or more consonant sounds in a cluster

What is cluster reduction? 

500

Six ways to describe how the airflow is obstructed when consonants are produced

What are stops, fricatives, affricates, nasals, liquids, and glides? 

500

The most famous vowel in American English that can only occurs  in unstressed syllables and in all word positions.

What is the schwa?

500

Stress is perceived by listeners as the vowel in the syllable being:

What is LONGER in duration, HIGHER in pitch and GREATER in intensity?

500

Part of the syllable that includes the vowel (nucleus) and the consonant that follows it (coda). 

What is the rime?

500

Phonological processes can be divided into three general categories 

What are Substitution processes, Assimilation processes and Syllable Structure processes?

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