Reconstruction Native Americans Farmers Railroads Extra

100

Prevent African Americans from exercising their rights to vote
Poll Taxes, Literacy Tests and Grandfather Clauses were used to

100

Specially designated plots of land where Native Americans were sent to live
What are Indian Reservations?

100

Homesteaders
People who got land from the Homestead Act were called

100

A railroad that crosses a continent
What is the Transcontinental Railroad?

100

Jim Crow Laws
These laws created legal segregation throughout the South

200

Presidential plan, Lincoln's 10% plan,
Plan for Reconstruction that preferred bringing the South back into the Union over punishing the South

200

Live on reservations
When Native Americans came into conflict with white settlers, the US government forced the Native Americans to

200

The Populist Party
What was the political party that farmers supported in the late 1800s? (Hint: the name means "for the common man.")

200

Makes it easier and cheaper for people to move and settle out west Makes it easier and cheaper for goods to be shipped back and forth across the country
How did the railroad encourage Westward expansion?

200

An effort by the federal government to encourage settlement west of the Mississippi River 160 acres of land free, had to live on that land and farm it for 5 years.
What was the Homestead Act?

300

Radical Republican's Plan, Wade Davis Bill
This plan for Reconstruction preferred punishing the South over reuniting the country

300

They were forced to assimilate into American culture through the Dawes Act, they lost their ancestral homes and were forced to live on reservations,
What was one effect that Westward Expansion had on Native Americans?

300

Weather/climate of the Great Plains Debt High Railroad shipping costs High costs of manufactured goods High interest rates on borrowed money
What were some of the problems faced by Farmers in the Midwest?

300

The buffalo population significantly decreased.
What was one negative effect of the Railroad?

300

13: Abolished slavery 14: Every person born in the US is a citizen and is given equal protection of the law 15: extended voting rights to African American males over 21
What were the Reconstruction Amendments? (13,14,15)

400

Sharecropping
This was an economic system where a landowner would lease out portions of their land to people, who would in return pay a share of their crops to the landowner

400

Native Americans used every part of the buffalo and only killed what they needed, and American settlers did not.
The main difference between Native Americans hunting and killing buffalo and the killing of buffalo by American settlers was that

400

Using both silver and gold to back the US dollar. Farmers wanted it because they thought it would put more money in the US economy, raise the prices of their crops and make it easier for them to pay their loans back
What was the Free Silver movement and who wanted it?

400

Subsidies! Money from the government given to businesses or companies to encourage them to expand.
How did the government encourage the building of the Transcontinental Railroad?

400

Ku Klux Klan (KKK) a violent, racist group who attempted to use violence and intimidation to prevent blacks from exercising their rights.
Who were the Ku Klux Klan, and why did they form?

500

African Americans faced increasing discrimination and segregation
How did the status of African Americans change after the end of Reconstruction?

500

Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce His people are no longer able to fight the American settlers
"From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever." Who said this? Why did he say it?

500

Federal law designed to regulate the railroad industry Required that railroad rates be "reasonable and just"
The Interstate Commerce Act

500

Gives the ability to move people and goods cheaper and faster Increases/encourages interstate commerce
What was the most significant impact of the Transcontinental Railroad?

500

The gold rush in the 1840's.
The population growth in California and other western territories was a result of

Reconstruction & Westward Expansion

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