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100

Who is Margaret Floy Washburn?
First women to earn a doctorate in Psychology and Titchener’s first doctoral student. She published "The Animal Mind" in 1908, an important book on comparative psychology. She was also the first female psychologist elected to the National Academy of Sciences and served as president of the APA.

100

What is conscious?
Titchener's said that the appropriate subject matter of psychology is this type of experience.

100

What is structural psychology?
As Titchener envisioned, this form of Psychology was a pure science – not concerned with applying knowledge; said psychology was “not in the business of curing sick minds or reforming society,” (131). Its fundamental task was to discover the nature of elementary conscious experiences – to analyze consciousness into its component parts and their organization.

100

Who is Titchener?
Who wrote the book 'Experimental Psychology: A Manual of Laboratory Practice'?

100

What is psychology?
With Titchener's structuralism as an idea to oppose, this discipline moved far beyond his initial boundaries.

200

Who is Auguste Comte?
A French Philosopher who attacked the introspective method, arguing that if the mind were capable of observing its own activities, it would have to divide itself into two parts – one observing, one being observed.

200

What is introspection?
Self observation that relied on observers who were rigorously trained to describe the elements of their conscious state rather than reporting the observed or experienced stimulus by a familiar name.

200

What is affective states?
One of Titchener's three elementary states of consciousness; elements of emotion found in experiences such as love, hate, and sadness.

200

Who is Margaret Floy Washburn?
Who wrote 'The Animal Mind'?

200

What is structure?
Titchener opposed the development of areas such as child psychology and animal psychology because these areas did not focus on discovering this aspect of the mind.

300

Who is Wilhelm Wundt?
Titchener was his student, though Titchener dramatically altered his system of psychology when he brought it to the United States from Germany. Titchener translated his work to English from German and agreed with his assertion that quality and intensity were two fundamental characteristics of experience, but Titchener opposed his focus on objective, quantitative elements.

300

What is the elements of consciousness?
Titchener proposed three essential problems for psychology known as?

300

What is consciousness?
The sum of our experiences as they exist at a particular moment is Titchener's definition of...

300

What is 'A Textbook of Psychology'?
Titchener described the difference between dependent and independent experience in his 1909 book....

300

What is analysis?
Wundt's focus was on synthesis of elements, whereas Titchener's was on ____ of elements.

400

Who is Immanual Kant?
A German philosopher who said any attempt at introspection altered the conscious experience being studied because it introduced an observing variable into the content of the conscious experience.

400

What is stimulus error?
Titchener warned agaisnt committing what he called_____, which confuses the mental process with the object we are observing.

400

What is intensity?
Wundt and Titchener agreed that this was a fundamental characteristic of elements of consciousness; a sensations strength, weakness, loudness, or brightness. Titchener believed this characteristic was present in sensations, images, and affective states.

400

What is 'An Outline of Psychology'?
In this book, Titchener presented a list of the elements of sensation uncovered through his research.

400

What is experimentation?
Titchener's publication of Experimental Psychology: A Manual of Laboratory Practice (1901-1905) had profound influences on the development of this research method in psychology.

500

Who is Edward Bradford Titchener?
Brought Wundt's psychology from Germany, dramatically altering it in the process. Focused on mental elements or contents AND mechanical linking through the process of association, but discarded Wundt’s doctrine of apperception. In his view, the FUNDAMENTAL TASK was to discover the nature of elementary conscious experiences – to analyze consciousness into its component parts and thus determine its structure. Thus, he is associated with the school of thought called "structuralism." By some accounts, he appeared to discriminate against women -- but other behaviors would suggest otherwise.

500

What is Phenomenological?
Toward the end of Titchener's career, he came to favor the ____ method.

500

What is the mind?
According to Titchener, the sum of our experiences accumulated over a lifetime.

500

What is The Principles of Physiological Psychology?
Titchener translated Wundt's books from German to English. These books were titled...

500

What is meaning?
Titchener's graduate student observers were instructed to ignore certain classes of words called ____ words.

Structuralism

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