Ancient Culture The Hero's Journey Epic Conventions The Plot - Give Answer! The Gods

100

Where was Uruk located?
This city is located in present day Iraq.

100

Who is Enkidu?
Gilgamesh's loyal companion

100

Who is the epic hero? Who is Gilgamesh?
He is the ideal man of a civilization and goes on a long journey in order to solve a conflict or find the answer to a universal question.

100

Humbaba and The Bull of Heaven
What two creatures do Gilgamesh and Enkidu defeat together?

100

Who is Shamash?
This god sends Gilgamesh the supernatural aid of wind and storm

200

What is cuneiform?
wedge shaped writing

200

What is the sword of eight talents?
This sword was used to kill Humbaba and is considered a talisman.

200

Who is the greatest mythologist of our time?
Joseph Campbell.

200

He begs for his life.
How does Humbaba react when Gilgamesh and Enkidu finally reach him?

200

Who is Enlil?
According to Utnapishtim, this god became enraged when he learned humans survived the flood.

300

What do we call the ancient belief in many gods?
Polytheism

300

What is the call to the adventure?
This archetype occurs when Gilgamesh is saddened by Enkidu's death and decides to search for immortality.

300

What is deus ex machina?
This occurs when a god or supernatural power intervenes, solving the plot conflict.

300

There were too many people on Earth, and they became too loud.
According to Utnapishtim, why do the gods decide to destroy humanity?

300

Who is Ea?
This god whispered the threat of the flood to the reeds and asked Utnapishtim to build a powerful boat.

400

What did the people of ancient Mesopotamia fear?
Invasion, natural disasters, and illness.

400

What is atonement?
This archetype is observed when Gilgamesh finally accepts his mortal limitations and decides to focus on becoming a great ruler.

400

What is medias res?
This occurs when the narrative begins "in the middle of things."

400

He plans to bring it Uruk and give it to the wise elders so that these men can once again be great leaders and builders. He will use it so that he may have immortality, as well!
What does Gilgamesh plan to do with the plant?

400

Who is Aruru?
This god created Enkidu in hopes that Enkidu would contend and absorb Gilgamesh's energy.

500

What happened in 3500 B.C.?
This is the year Sumerian civilization was established--which is why the Sumerian people are considered the world's oldest civilization.

500

What is apotheosis?
This archetype occurs when Gilgamesh becomes even more renown and god-like (hint: we're still talking about him today!)

500

What is an epic simile?
This is an EXTENDED and ORNATE comparison of unlike things using like or as.

500

He must accept his fate as a mortal. He must accept his human limitations and focus on the good he can accomplish while living hear on Earth.
What lesson does Gilgamesh learn from his journey--from obtaining and then losing the plant of immortality?

500

Who is Ishtar?
This god tried to seduce Gilgamesh and sent the Bull of Heaven to kill him when Gilgamesh rejected her advances.

The Epic Review of Gilgamesh

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