Wind Basics
Local Winds
Global Winds
Energy in the Atmosphere
Heat Transfer

100

All winds are caused by differences in this.
What is air pressure?

100

At the beach, this substance heats up and cools off much more slowly than land.
What is water?

100

This belt of low air pressure occurs because of the warm air rising along the equator.
What are the doldrums?

100

Only red light has a longer wavelength than light of this color.
What is orange?

100

Though most of the world no longer uses it, this temperature scale is still the one that is most commonly used in the United States.
What is the Fahrenheit scale?

200

Wind occurs because of this object's uneven heating of the atmosphere.
What is the sun?

200

During the day, the land is much warmer than the ocean which results in this type of wind that blows from the water onto the land.
What is a sea breeze?

200

This easterly wind belt is caused by air moving toward the equator.
What are the trade winds?

200

Objects whose pigments absorb all colors of light appear to be this color.
What is black?

200

This type of heat transfer occurs when hot air rises and cooler air sinks.
What is convection?

300

This tool can be used to determine the direction of the wind.
What is a wind vane?

300

This type of local wind happens when the water is warmer than the land.
What is a land breeze?

300

High pressure air from the poles heads toward the equator causing this global wind belt.
What are the polar easterlies?

300

Heat trapped by the earth is released into the atmosphere in the form of this type of radiation.
What is infrared radiation?

300

This type of heat transfer happens when heat moves directly between objects that are in direct contact, like a skillet on a hot stove burner.
What is conduction?

400

The cooling effect caused by wind blowing across your skin.
What is wind chill?

400

In South and Southeast Asia, the monsoon winds of this season blow in from the ocean, causing a long period of heavy rains.
What is summer?

400

This wind belt located between 30 and 60 degrees latitude is most responsible for the movement of weather patterns across the United States.
What are the prevailing westerlies?

400

This process occurs when certain gases such as carbon dioxide, water vapor and methane hold heat in the atmosphere to help keep the earth warm.
What is the greenhouse effect?

400

This temperature, also known as zero Kelvin is the coldest temperature possible. Molecules at this temperature would stop moving completely.
What is absolute zero?

500

You would use one of these to measure the speed of the wind.
What is an anemometer?

500

In this type of coastal wind, the air pressure is higher over the water than on the land.
What is a sea breeze?

500

This phenomenon causes winds in the Northern hemisphere to curve to the right due to the earth's rotation.
What is the Coriolis effect?

500

This type of electromagnetic radiation can cause sunburns so make sure you wear you sunscreen.
What is ultraviolet radiation?

500

This type of heat transfer happens when heat travels directly through electromagnetic waves.
What is radiation?